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Georgia Code Title List

Current through 2004 Regular Session of the General Assembly
Unannotated Georgia Code - Titles
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53

Chapters
40-1
40-2
40-3
40-4
40-5
40-6
40-7
40-8
40-9
40-10
40-11
40-12
40-13
40-14
40-15
40-16
Sections
40-6-1
40-6-2
40-6-3
40-6-4
40-6-5
40-6-6
40-6-7
40-6-8
40-6-9
40-6-10
40-6-11
40-6-12
40-6-13
40-6-14
40-6-15
40-6-16
40-6-17
40-6-20
40-6-21
40-6-22
40-6-23
40-6-24
40-6-25
40-6-26
40-6-27
40-6-40
40-6-41
40-6-42
40-6-43
40-6-44
40-6-45
40-6-46
40-6-47
40-6-48
40-6-49
40-6-50
40-6-51
40-6-52
40-6-53
40-6-54
40-6-70
40-6-71
40-6-72
40-6-73
40-6-74
40-6-75
40-6-76
40-6-90
40-6-91
40-6-92
40-6-93
40-6-94
40-6-95
40-6-96
40-6-97
40-6-97.1
40-6-98
40-6-99
40-6-100
40-6-101
40-6-120
40-6-121
40-6-122
40-6-123
40-6-124
40-6-125
40-6-126
40-6-140
40-6-141
40-6-142
40-6-143
40-6-144
40-6-160
40-6-161
40-6-162
40-6-163
40-6-164
40-6-165
40-6-180
40-6-181
40-6-182
40-6-183
40-6-184
40-6-185
40-6-186
40-6-187
40-6-188
40-6-200
40-6-201
40-6-202
40-6-203
40-6-204
40-6-205
40-6-206
40-6-207
40-6-208
40-6-220
40-6-221
40-6-222
40-6-223
40-6-224
40-6-224.1
40-6-225
40-6-226
40-6-227
40-6-228
40-6-240
40-6-241
40-6-242
40-6-243
40-6-244
40-6-245
40-6-246
40-6-247
40-6-248
40-6-249
40-6-250
40-6-251
40-6-252
40-6-253
40-6-253.1
40-6-254
40-6-255
40-6-270
40-6-271
40-6-272
40-6-273
40-6-273.1
40-6-274
40-6-275
40-6-276
40-6-277
40-6-278
40-6-279
40-6-290
40-6-291
40-6-292
40-6-293
40-6-294
40-6-295
40-6-296
40-6-297
40-6-298
40-6-299
40-6-310
40-6-311
40-6-312
40-6-313
40-6-314
40-6-315
40-6-316
40-6-320
40-6-321
40-6-322
40-6-323
40-6-324
40-6-325
40-6-326
40-6-327
40-6-330
40-6-331
40-6-350
40-6-351
40-6-352
40-6-353
40-6-354
40-6-360
40-6-361
40-6-362
40-6-370
40-6-371
40-6-372
40-6-373
40-6-374
40-6-375
40-6-376
40-6-390
40-6-391
40-6-391.1
40-6-391.2
40-6-391.3
40-6-392
40-6-393
40-6-393.1
40-6-394
40-6-395
40-6-396
40-6-397
Comments: Keywords: Translation Date:09/30/2004 Translation Time:12:04:19 40-6-20 -->
40-6-20.
(a) The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of an official traffic-control device applicable thereto, placed in accordance with this chapter, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle in this chapter. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor, except as otherwise provided by subsection (f) of this Code section.
(b) No provisions of this chapter which require official traffic-control devices shall be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official device was not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person. Whenever a particular Code section does not state that official traffic-control devices are required, such Code section shall be effective even though no devices are erected or in place.
(c) Whenever official traffic-control devices are placed in position approximately conforming to the requirements of this chapter, such devices shall be presumed to have been so placed by the official act or direction of lawful authority, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
(d) Any official traffic-control device placed pursuant to this chapter and purporting to conform to the lawful requirements pertaining to such devices shall be presumed to comply with the requirements of this chapter, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
(e) The disregard or disobedience of the instructions of any official traffic-control device or signal placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter by the driver of a vehicle shall be deemed prima-facie evidence of a violation of law, without requiring proof of who and by what authority such sign or device has been erected.
(f)(1) As used in this subsection, the term:
(A) 'Owner' means the registrant of a motor vehicle, except that such term shall not include a motor vehicle rental company when a motor vehicle registered by such company is being operated by another person under a rental agreement with such company.
(B) 'Recorded images' means images recorded by a traffic-control signal monitoring device:
(i) On:
(I) Two or more photographs;
(II) Two or more microphotographs;
(III) Two or more electronic images; or
(IV) Videotape; and
(ii) Showing a traffic-control signal displaying a CIRCULAR RED or RED ARROW signal along with the rear of a motor vehicle apparently operated in disregard or disobedience of such signal and, on at least one image or portion of tape, clearly revealing the number or other identifying designation of the license plate displayed on the motor vehicle.
(C) 'Traffic-control signal monitoring device' means a device with one or more motor vehicle sensors working in conjunction with a traffic-control signal to produce recorded images of motor vehicles being operated in disregard or disobedience of a CIRCULAR RED or RED ARROW signal.
(2) Subsection (a) of this Code section may be enforced as provided in this subsection pursuant to the use of traffic-control signal monitoring devices in accordance with Article 3 of Chapter 14 of this title.
(3) For the purpose of enforcement pursuant to this subsection:
(A) The driver of a motor vehicle shall be liable for a civil monetary penalty of not more than $70.00 if such vehicle is found, as evidenced by recorded images produced by a traffic-control signal monitoring device, to have been operated in disregard or disobedience of a CIRCULAR RED or RED ARROW signal in violation of subsection (a) of this Code section and such disregard or disobedience was not otherwise authorized by law;
(B) The law enforcement agency for which such device is permitted shall send by first-class mail addressed to the owner of the motor vehicle postmarked not later than ten days after the date of the alleged violation:
(i) A citation for the violation, which shall include the date and time of the violation, the location of the intersection, the amount of the civil monetary penalty imposed, and the date by which the civil monetary penalty shall be paid;
(ii) A copy of the recorded image;
(iii) A copy of a certificate sworn to or affirmed by a trained law enforcement officer or a technician employed by a law enforcement agency for which such device is authorized and stating that, based upon inspection of recorded images, the owners motor vehicle was operated in disregard or disobedience of a CIRCULAR RED or RED ARROW signal in violation of subsection (a) of this Code section and that such disregard or disobedience was not otherwise authorized by law;
(iv) A statement of the inference provided by subparagraph (D) of this paragraph and of the means specified therein by which such inference may be rebutted;
(v) Information advising the owner of the motor vehicle of the manner and time in which liability as alleged in the citation may be contested in court; and
(vi) Warning that failure to pay the civil monetary penalty or to contest liability in a timely manner shall waive any right to contest liability and result in a civil monetary penalty;
provided, however, that only warning notices and not citations for violations shall be sent during the 30 day period commencing with the installation of a traffic-control signal monitoring device at such location;
(C) Proof that a motor vehicle was operated in disregard or disobedience of a CIRCULAR RED or RED ARROW signal in violation of subsection (a) of this Code section shall be evidenced by recorded images produced by a traffic-control signal monitoring device authorized pursuant to Article 3 of Chapter 14 of this title. A copy of a certificate sworn to or affirmed by a trained law enforcement officer or a technician employed by a law enforcement agency for which such device is authorized and stating that, based upon inspection of recorded images, a motor vehicle was operated in disregard or disobedience of a CIRCULAR RED or RED ARROW signal in violation of subsection (a) of this Code section and that such disregard or disobedience was not otherwise authorized by law shall be prima-facie evidence of the facts contained therein; and
(D) Liability under this subsection shall be determined based upon preponderance of the evidence. Prima-facie evidence that the vehicle described in the citation issued pursuant to this subsection was operated in violation of subsection (a) of this Code section, together with proof that the defendant was at the time of such violation the registered owner of the vehicle, shall permit the trier of fact in its discretion to infer that such owner of the vehicle was the driver of the vehicle at the time of the alleged violation. Such an inference may be rebutted if the owner of the vehicle:
(i) Testifies under oath in open court that he or she was not the operator of the vehicle at the time of the alleged violation;
(ii) Presents to the court prior to the return date established on the citation a certified copy of a police report showing that the vehicle had been reported to the police as stolen prior to the time of the alleged violation; or
(iii) Submits to the court prior to the return date established on the citation a sworn notarized statement identifying the name of the operator of the vehicle at the time of the alleged violation.
(4) A violation for which a civil penalty is imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not be considered a moving traffic violation, for the purpose of points assessment under Code Section 40-5-57. Such violation shall be deemed noncriminal, and imposition of a civil penalty pursuant to this subsection shall not be deemed a conviction and shall not be made a part of the operating record of the person upon whom such liability is imposed, nor shall it be used for any insurance purposes in the provision of motor vehicle insurance coverage.
(5) If a person summoned by first-class mail fails to appear on the date of return set out in the citation and has not paid the penalty for the violation or filed a police report or affidavit pursuant to division (3)(D)(ii) or (3)(D)(iii) of this subsection, the person summoned shall have waived the right to contest the violation and shall be liable for a civil monetary penalty of not more than $70.00.
(6) Any court having jurisdiction over violations of subsection (a) of this Code section or any ordinance adopting the provisions of said subsection pursuant to Code Section 40-6-372 shall have jurisdiction over cases arising under this subsection and shall be authorized to impose the civil monetary penalty provided by this subsection. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the provisions of law governing jurisdiction, procedure, defenses, adjudication, appeal, and payment and distribution of penalties otherwise applicable to violations of subsection (a) of this Code section shall apply to enforcement under this subsection; provided, however, that any appeal from superior or state court shall be by application in the same manner as that provided by Code Section 5-6-35.
(7) Recorded images made for purposes of this subsection shall not be a public record for purposes of Article 4 of Chapter 18 of Title 50.
(8) The provisions of this subsection shall not limit law enforcement agencies to the use of traffic-control signal monitoring devices in enforcing subsection (a) of this Code section; and, when there is evidence obtained from another source or sources which constitutes a prima-facie case of a violation of subsection (a) of this Code section, such violation may be prosecuted as otherwise provided by law in lieu of, but not in addition to, enforcement under this subsection.

Georgia General Assembly
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